The food you feed your freshwater fish will determine their health and vitality.
If you want your freshwater fish to thrive, you need to make an effort to make sure all of their nutritional needs are being met. Feeding your fish cheap commercial flakes everyday may satisfy the hunger of your fish, but it won’t likely provide them with complete nutrition. That isn’t to say that all commercial flake foods are bad – many are made with high-quality ingredients, designed to provide fish with optimal nutrition. Before you go out and buy any fish food it would be wise for you to learn the basics about aquarium fish food. Different kinds of fish have different nutritional needs so, unless you understand the basics, your fish may not get the nutrients they need.
Types of Commercial Foods
There are many different kinds of commercial foods available on the market because there are many different kinds of aquarium fish. Some of the major distinctions between types of commercial food is food for saltwater versus freshwater fish and foods for herbivores versus carnivores. Carnivorous species of fish require a high-protein diet while herbivores require a diet based on plant matter. If you don’t provide your fish with a proper diet, they could fail to thrive and may be more likely to become sick and die.
In each classification of commercial fish foods you will find a variety of different types. Some of the most popular types of fish food include flakes, pellets, granules and sinking wafers. Commercial fish foods are designed to appeal to different kinds of fish – those that tend to swim near the surface prefer flakes while bottom-feeders or mid-level swimmers may prefer pellets or sinking wafers. It is important for you to know what kind of food the fish in your tank prefer so you can cater to their specific nutritional needs.
Recommended Commercial Foods
The following commercial foods are recommended as a staple diet for freshwater aquarium fish:
Omega One Freshwater Flakes
These flakes are perfect for all species of freshwater fish. Omega One Freshwater Flakes are made from a blend of cold water seafood to provide fish with high-quality protein and Omega-3 fatty acids. This formula is also designed to reduce waste while also enhancing the growth and health of your aquarium fish. These flakes also have a very appealing flavor which makes them a favorite among many species of fish.
Hikari Sinking Wafers
These wafers are designed for bottom feeders that require a diet high in vegetable matter. Hikari Sinking Wafers are made from easily-digestible plant sources supplemented with Vitamin C to help reduce stress and boost the immune system of your fish. These wafers don’t dissolve quickly, which means they won’t cloud your tank water, and their concave design makes them easy and safe for fish to swallow.
TetraMin Tropical Flakes
Produced by Tetra, TetraMin Tropical flakes are designed to provide fish with balanced, easily digestible nutrition. The “clean and clear water formula” guarantees that the flakes won’t cloud your tank water while the blend of vitamins, biotin and Omega-3 fatty acids boosts the health and nutrition of your fish. This formula was designed to provide fish with well-balanced nutrition while also enhancing color and vitality. This product contains a patented blend of “ProCare” nutrients to give your fish extra energy and to boost their metabolism.
Hikari Cichlid Bio-Gold
This product is designed specifically for cichlids and it comes in two different sizes – mini and medium. The Cichlid Bio-Gold formula is made with bio-technology to enhance the coloration and accelerate the growth of South African Cichlids. In addition to providing balanced nutrition, this formula also provides probiotics and other supplements to reduce waste and to boost immune system health.
Omega One Veggie Rounds
These veggie rounds are the ideal staple diet for herbivorous species of fish, especially those that are bottom-feeders. Omega One Veggie Rounds are made with spirulina algae and kelp – the same kind of kelp that is harvested for humans to eat, so it is of the highest quality. In addition to providing excellent plant-based nutrition, these rounds are also loaded with other vitamins and minerals needed to support the growth and health of your freshwater aquarium fish.
Hikari Sinking Carnivore Pellets
Designed specifically for carnivorous species of fish, Hikari Sinking Carnivore Pellets provide high levels of protein as well as a balance of other essential nutrients. These pellets are packed with Vitamin C to support immune system health as well as other supplements to enhance the health and coloration of carnivorous fishes. Unlike many sinking pellets, these do not lose their shape as they absorb water – thus, they remain appealing and palatable to fish.
Hikari First Bites
This formula was specially designed for newly hatched fry that require very small food at first. Hikari First Bites is made from high-quality protein sources, designed to provide fry with the nutrients they need to grow. This food is made in a semi-floating formula so it is good for both top-feeders and mid-level feeders. One pouch of this food goes a very long way and it is packaged in a re-sealable pouch.
Also known as oto cats, otocinclus catfish are some of the smallest aquarium fish out there and also some of the best algae eaters.
FRESHWATER AQUARIUM ARTICLES
NUTRITION AND FEEDING
What you choose to feed your fish will have a direct impact on their health and vitality. The articles in this category will help you understand the nutritional needs of your aquarium fish and will also provide the information you need to create a healthy, balanced diet for your fish.