AQUARIUM NEWS: FIVE NEW SPECIES OF DWARFGOBIES DISCOVERED

Aquarium News: Five New Species of Dwarfgobies Discovered
Updated March 10, 2017
Gobies are some of the smallest fish in the world and dwarfgobies are the smallest of those. Keep reading to learn about five newly discovered species of dwarfgoby.
There are thousands upon thousands of different species of fish in the world, many of which have yet to be discovered. Each year brings new discoveries which expands our knowledge of the world around us and the animals that inhabit it. Scientists recently discovered five new species of dwarfgoby – keep reading to learn more about them.
 
What is a Dwarfgoby?
 
The term dwarfgoby and dwarf goby are used interchangeably to refer to the smaller species of goby. A goby is a species of fish belonging to the family Gobiidae. This family includes more than 2,000 separate species over 200 genera. Gobies are typically small fish with most species growing to a maximum length under 4 inches. In fact, gobies are some of the smallest vertebrate animals in the world with several species growing to under 1 cm in length. For the most part, gobies are benthic species, or bottom-dwellers – they often burrow into the substrate to hide.
 
 
One of the most interesting thing about the goby is that they have fused pelvic fins that form a sort of disc-shaped sucker that the fish uses to adhere to corals, rocks, and even the walls of the aquarium. Gobies can be found in a variety of locations around the world. These fish can be found in both tropical and temperate regions in shore-marine environments as well as brackish and freshwater environments. Most of the gobies kept for the home aquarium trade are marine species, though there are some freshwater gobies as well.
 
New Species of Dwarfgobies Reviewed
 
New species of fish are always being discovered. One recent discovery included not just one, but five new species of dwarfgoby. These species were discovered by researchers with the California Academy of Sciences and the Bishop Museum in Hawaii. All five species belong to the genus Eviota and were found in tropical waters near Fiji. The five new species are listed below:

- Eviota eyreae
- Eviota mimica
- Eviota richardi
- Eviota teresae
- Eviota thamani
 
The Eviota genus includes gobies (mostly dwarfgobies) found in the Indo-Pacific region which encompasses a large area spanning from Africa to Pitcairn Island and from Japan to Australia. Fish in this genus are largely found in coral reefs and many of them have very short life cycles lasting just 3 ½ weeks. Many dwarfgobies in this genus live symbiotically with other marine species such as mushroom corals and many are classified as hermaphrodites.


Top Dwarf Gobies for the Home Aquarium
 
Keeping gobies in the home aquarium presents a unique challenge. For one thing, you have to be careful about keeping them with other larger species that might view the goby as prey. You also need to be mindful of the type of substrate you choose because gobies like to burrow. Fine-grain sand is the best substrate for gobies, though some species prefer to hide in rock caves. Be sure to do some research on the particular species you plan to keep. There are many different species of dwarf goby, but not all of them are well-suited to the home aquarium. Below you will find an overview of some of the top species of small and dwarf gobies that you can consider for your own aquarium:
 
Dwarf Pgymy Goby (Pandaka pygmaea) – The dwarf pygmy goby is one of the smallest fish in the world, growing to a maximum size just over ½ inch. This is a freshwater goby found in the rivers of the Philippines, though it has also been found in brackish waters and mangrove swamps. The dwarf pygmy goby is a colorless species, almost transparent, with a large blunt head. It may also have dark spots forming four cross-bands that run along the sides of the body.
 
Green Clown Goby (Gobiodon atrangulatus) – This species of goby grows up to 1.75 inches in length and can be found in the waters off Fiji and Indonesia. The green clown goby is a very peaceful species and generally considered to be easy to care for. It follows a carnivorous diet and can be kept with other fish, though it may become territorial around others of its own species. These gobies spawn readily in the home aquarium, laying their eggs on the underside of coral branches.
 
Red Neon Eviota Goby (Eviota nigriventris) – This goby belongs to the same genus as the newly discovered Eviota gobies and it reaches a maximum length around 1 inch. The red neon Eviota goby is named for its bright red horizontal bands running lengthwise along the opaque body. This species is very active and generally peaceful by nature, making it a great addition to the reef tank. These fish tend to fare best in small groups or pairs and they should not be housed with large or aggressive species.


Red Striped Goby
(Trimma cana) – The red striped goby is named for its red-and-white striped appearance. This species grows to a maximum length of 1 inch and it is a very peaceful species of goby. These fish are very active and they generally do well in saltwater fish-only and reef tanks. The red striped goby needs plenty of rockwork to hide in and these fish do best in pairs or small groups, as long as they are introduced at the same time. This species should not be kept with large or aggressive species.
 
Panda Goby (Paragobium lacunicolus) – This goby grows up to 1.5 inches in length and it tends to inhabit coral colonies in the Indo-Pacific region. The Panda goby is a peaceful species that does well in reef tanks outfitted with polyp corals and stocked with other peaceful species. This goby has a stocky build with a large head and they are usually yellow to white in color with black fins. Panda gobies are carnivorous fish that require a varied diet of meaty foods.
 
Gold Neon Eviota Goby (Eviota pellucida) – Related to the red neon Eviota goby, this species also grows to a maximum of 1 inches in length and it is a peaceful and active species. The gold neon Eviota goby has a largely opaque body with red vertical bands and large, gold-rimmed eyes. These fish do best in pairs or small groups and they prefer tanks with plenty of rockwork to hide in. They need a varied diet of fresh and frozen foods and should be fed twice daily.
 
Greenbanded Goby (Tigrigobius multifasciatus) – This species of goby is very peaceful and comes from the marine waters near Puerto Rico. The greenbanded goby is named for its vivid green body adorned with iridescent green bands running vertically along the fish’s length. This species enjoys tanks decorated with rockwork and they can be kept individually or in groups of 3 or more. The greenbanded goby is a carnivorous species and it breeds readily in the home aquarium.
 
Flaming Prawn Goby (Discordipinna griessingeri) – Also known as the spikefin goby, the flaming prawn goby grows to a maximum length around 1 inch. These fish are known for their brilliant red fins and they have dark lateral lines running along the length of their bodies. The flaming prawn goby is an especially good choice for the nano reef tank.
 
Gobies are a unique and beautiful group of fishes that can be very entertaining to keep in the home aquarium. While there are some freshwater gobies, most species are marine fish and many of them thrive in reef environments. If you have a smaller reef tank and are looking for some new fish to stock in it, consider some of these dwarf gobies.
 
 
comments powered by Disqus

Most Recent Forum Discussions

  • Silver Dollars + Plants - By lumi, 06/25/17 06:37:04 pm (1 replies)

    Is this a bad combo and doomed to fail? Or are there some plants that are hardy enough to sustain some damage from the silver ...

  • What helps with a snail overpopulation problem? - By lumi, 06/25/17 06:06:44 pm (2 replies)

    Is it a myth that water changes help?

  • Fish food supplier - By friend_of_fish, 06/25/17 12:42:35 pm (0 replies)

    My supplier has closed store so I'm looking for a new place to buy a variety of fish foods from. Petco is costing too much ...

MOST RECENT ARTICLES

The Bright and Colorful Discus Fish: Spring 2017 Aquarium Trends
THE BRIGHT AND COLORFUL DISCUS FISH: SPRING 2017 AQUARIUM TRENDS
Discus fish are some of the most brightly colored fish in the animal kingdom.
Do You Know What You Are Feeding Your Fish?
DO YOU KNOW WHAT YOU ARE FEEDING YOUR FISH?
Not all aquarium fish food is created equal.
What You Need to Know About pH in Marine Aquariums
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT PH IN MARINE AQUARIUMS
Maintaining proper water quality in your tank is essential but many aquarium hobbyists overlook one important aspect - pH.

AQUARIUM NEWS AND TRENDS

The Bright and Colorful Discus Fish: Spring 2017 Aquarium Trends
THE BRIGHT AND COLORFUL DISCUS FISH: SPRING 2017 AQUARIUM TRENDS
Discus fish are some of the most brightly colored fish in the animal kingdom.
Shrimp in the Home Aquarium: Spring 2017 Aquarium Trends
SHRIMP IN THE HOME AQUARIUM: SPRING 2017 AQUARIUM TRENDS
If you're looking for a unique way to stock your new tank, give freshwater shrimp a try.
Aquarium News: Five New Species of Dwarfgobies Discovered
AQUARIUM NEWS: FIVE NEW SPECIES OF DWARFGOBIES DISCOVERED
Gobies are some of the smallest fish in the world and dwarfgobies are the smallest of those.
Aquascaping the Aquarium: March 2017 Aquarium Trends
AQUASCAPING THE AQUARIUM: MARCH 2017 AQUARIUM TRENDS
The art of decorating a home aquarium is called "aquascaping" and it is a trending topic in aquarium social media this month.
Cichlid Compatibility: February Week 2 Aquarium Trends
CICHLID COMPATIBILITY: FEBRUARY WEEK 2 AQUARIUM TRENDS
In the second week of February 2017, one of the highest trending topics in aquarium-related social media is in regard to cichlid compatibility.
Betta Fish Trending Topics for January 2017
BETTA FISH TRENDING TOPICS FOR JANUARY 2017
The betta fish is and will forever be one of the most popular types of aquarium fish.
Species Spotlight: The Axolotl
SPECIES SPOTLIGHT: THE AXOLOTL
If you are looking for a unique species around which to center your next tank, consider the axolotl.
Species Spotlight: New Corydoras Catfish Discovered
SPECIES SPOTLIGHT: NEW CORYDORAS CATFISH DISCOVERED
A species of Corydoras catfish that was discovered in the 1990s has finally been officially described and named.
Trending: Adding LED Moonlights to the Aquarium
TRENDING: ADDING LED MOONLIGHTS TO THE AQUARIUM
With advances in aquarium lighting technology, you now have the option to add specialized nighttime lighting to your aquarium.
Trending: Jellyfish in the Home Aquarium
TRENDING: JELLYFISH IN THE HOME AQUARIUM
You have probably seen your fair share of jellyfish in zoo aquariums, but did you know that it is possible to keep these creatures as pets?
Newly Discovered Fish Species of 2013
NEWLY DISCOVERED FISH SPECIES OF 2013
New species of plants and animals are being discovered every year.
The Top New Coral Species of 2013
THE TOP NEW CORAL SPECIES OF 2013
The saltwater aquarium hobby is ever-changing -- trends and even species come and go.
New Discovery Key to Keeping Pinnatus Batfish
NEW DISCOVERY KEY TO KEEPING PINNATUS BATFISH
The Pinnatus Batfish is one of the most striking species of saltwater aquarium fish, but notoriously difficult to keep in the home aquarium.
Study Reveals that Fish May Have Individual Personalities
STUDY REVEALS THAT FISH MAY HAVE INDIVIDUAL PERSONALITIES
While some species like Oscars are known for exhibiting dog-like behaviors, a recent study shows that many fish are capable of developing individual personalities.
Self-Poisoning: A Damaging Defense Mechanism
SELF-POISONING: A DAMAGING DEFENSE MECHANISM
If you have ever brought a group of corydoras catfish home from the store to find that they all died in transport, this article will be incredibly enlightening.
Wireless Aquarium Lighting Solutions
WIRELESS AQUARIUM LIGHTING SOLUTIONS
One of the latest developments in aquarium lighting is wireless control of LED systems.
Media Reactors - An Innovative Approach to Aquarium Filtration
MEDIA REACTORS - AN INNOVATIVE APPROACH TO AQUARIUM FILTRATION
When it comes to aquarium filtration there are many options to choose from.
Innovations in Marine Disease Treatments
INNOVATIONS IN MARINE DISEASE TREATMENTS
Treating marine aquarium diseases is easier than ever with innovations like medicated frozen fish food.
News: Unique Species to Hit the Market
NEWS: UNIQUE SPECIES TO HIT THE MARKET
The new year brings a new wave of unique species to add to your home aquarium.
Your Aquarium Might Not Be as Peaceful as You Think
YOUR AQUARIUM MIGHT NOT BE AS PEACEFUL AS YOU THINK
For many aquarium hobbyists, the aquarium is a source of relaxation and serenity.
Trending: Colorful Species for the Marine Tank
TRENDING: COLORFUL SPECIES FOR THE MARINE TANK
Color has always been a main component of the marine tank but these species are keeping the bar high.
News: Trade Continues Despite Threatened Conservation Status
NEWS: TRADE CONTINUES DESPITE THREATENED CONSERVATION STATUS
A recent paper published by the Conservation Research Group and the IUCN shows that more than 30 threatened species endemic to India are still being regularly exported, despite their conservation status.
News: Lionfish Invasion in the Atlantic
NEWS: LIONFISH INVASION IN THE ATLANTIC
Lionfish are a very popular species in the marine aquarium hobby but they have begun to threaten native populations in the Atlantic as they spread from their native habitat in the Indo-Pacific.
North American Aquariums Go Green
NORTH AMERICAN AQUARIUMS GO GREEN
From recycling and organic farming, sustainability and conservation are two hot trending topics.
How Aquarium Trends Affect the World
HOW AQUARIUM TRENDS AFFECT THE WORLD
Trends in the aquarium trade have an effect on more than just aquarium hobbyists -- they can affect the whole world.
Changes in Marine Aquarium Design
CHANGES IN MARINE AQUARIUM DESIGN
The only thing that doesn't change in the world is the fact that things change.
Trending:  Sophisticated Water Quality Monitoring Devices
TRENDING: SOPHISTICATED WATER QUALITY MONITORING DEVICES
Testing your aquarium water is a chore that no aquarium hobbyist likes.
Trending:  Nano Tanks More Popular Than Ever
TRENDING: NANO TANKS MORE POPULAR THAN EVER
A nano tank is more than just a small fish tank -- it is a compact, self-contained ecosystem.
Trending: Compact Aquarium Equipment
TRENDING: COMPACT AQUARIUM EQUIPMENT
One of the latest trends in aquarium equipment is compact upgrades.
Cleaning Your Tank Can Make You Sick
CLEANING YOUR TANK CAN MAKE YOU SICK
Cleaning your aquarium is a necessity in order to keep your fish healthy.
The Science Behind Behavior: Fish Jumping Out of Tanks
THE SCIENCE BEHIND BEHAVIOR: FISH JUMPING OUT OF TANKS
Guppies are known, in particular, for jumping out of the tank.
Cramped, Boring Environments Lead to Anger in Fish
CRAMPED, BORING ENVIRONMENTS LEAD TO ANGER IN FISH
A recent study conducted by a biology professor at Case Western Reserve University reveals that environment size and complexity has a direct impact on aggressive behavior in aquarium fish.
Trending: Glow in the Dark Fish
TRENDING: GLOW IN THE DARK FISH
Glow in the dark fish may not be a new trend but new additions to the market have recently been made -- glow in the dark convict cichlids and angelfish.
Read more articles (33)