Angelfish Information & Care

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Fish Type Egg-laying
Fish Family Cichlids
Common Name Angelfish
Scientific Name Pterophyllum
Description

Freshwater angelfish are cichlids that originate around the Amazon River basin with a striking, compressed body shape and long extended dorsal and anal fins. The fish are often taller than they are long. There are three recognized species, all belonging to the genus Pterophyllum.

For aquarium breeding, the angelfish is a bad parent compared to many other cichlids, and quite often eats its young. The eggs are deposited on a bare rock, root or large leaf of some water plant, and the young are cared for by both parents.

Angelfish inhabit slow waters in the Amazon region. Its shape allows it good protection among roots and plants, often on a vertical surface. It eats small invertebrates and is no danger to most other fish in an aquarium, except that it will sometimes try to eat small baby fish.

Due to its peaceful temperament and appearance, it is one of the few cichlids that are commonly kept in decorative tanks or public displays with smaller types of fish.

The largest and best known species of Angelfish is Pterophyllum scalare. Its natural color is silvery with three brownish vertical stripes. It is very peaceful and a popular aquarium fish. Numerous decorative breeds exist, with varying color patterns and extended fins. These Angelfish inhabit swamps and flooded waters with dense vegetation. Its maximum size is around 12–15 cm (up to 6 inches) length, up to 20 cm (8 in.) height. These Angelfish prefer water with a 6.0–8.0 pH, a water hardness of 5.0–13.0 dGH, and a temperature range of 24–30°C (75–86°F).

The Pterophyllum altum Angelfish species originates from rivers in the Amazon River basin where the upper Negro River drains, and from the Orinoco River basin. Its natural color is also silvery with three brownish vertical stripes. Some of the largest Angelfish are of this species, growing up to 18 cm (7 in) long and 20 cm (8 in) tall. These Angelfish prefer water with a 4.8–6.2 pH, a water hardness of 1.0–5.0 dGH, and a temperature range of 27–31°C (81–88°F).

The Pterophyllum altum is a river dwelling Angelfish species that originates from rivers in the Amazon River basin along the Solim?es River, Amazon River, and Rupununi River.

From wikipedia.org

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Peruvian Angelfish

freshwater fish - pterophyllum scalare - peruvian angelfish stocking in 125 gallons tank - peruvian scalare angels
Fish Name Peruvian Angelfish
Scientific Name Pterophyllum Scalare
Description: peruvian scalare angels

Zebra Angelfish

freshwater fish - pterophyllum scalare - zebra angelfish stocking in 55 gallons tank - Male Angelfish
Fish Name Zebra Angelfish
Scientific Name Pterophyllum Scalare
Description: Male Angelfish

Half Black Angelfish

freshwater fish - pterophyllum scalare - half black angelfish stocking in 20 gallons tank - This is my bigger angel...  Phone pic so not that great.  This was him at 1.25 inches!  He was sooo cute!
Fish Name Half Black Angelfish
Scientific Name Pterophyllum Scalare
Description: This is my bigger angel... Phone pic so not that great. This was him at 1.25 inches! He was sooo cute!

Zebra Angelfish

freshwater fish - pterophyllum scalare - zebra angelfish stocking in 37 gallons tank - Woody the Angel
Fish Name Zebra Angelfish
Scientific Name Pterophyllum Scalare
Description: Woody the Angel

German Blue Angelfish

freshwater fish - german blue angelfish stocking in 180 gallons tank - Breeding Pair of German Blue Angels
Fish Name German Blue Angelfish
Description: Breeding Pair of German Blue Angels